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Injury Description

Footballer's Ankle is a pinching or impingement of the ligaments or tendons of the ankle between the bones, particularly the talus and tibia. This results in pain, inflammation and swelling.

Signs and Symptoms

Pain and tenderness over anterior ankle joint and pain on dorsiflexion and plantar flexion.
Other symptoms include band of pain across anterior ankle when kicking a ball or palpable bony lump on distal tibia or superior talus.

Causes

A common cause of anterior impingement is a bone spur on anklebone (talus) or the shinbone (tibia). Repeated kicking actions can cause the anklebone to hit the bottom of the shinbone, which can lead to a lump of bone (or bone spur) developing. This bone spur may then begin to impact on the soft tissue at the front of the ankle, causing inflammation and swelling. The condition is most common in athletes who repeatedly bend the ankle upward (dorsiflexion), such as footballers, hence the name.


Treatment
Soft tissue techniques to stretch muscles crossing the ankle to relieve tension. Steriod injections to reduce the inflammation of the ankle tissues. Surgery to remove bony spurs is also an option.

Prevention

Avoid overuse.

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